Nonthaburi’s new Museum of Fashionable Aluminum (MoMA), designed by Hung And Songkittipakdee design and analysis (HAS) provides a brand new face to Thailand’s historical past as an aluminum manufacturing hub alongside one of many busiest thoroughfares outdoors of Bangkok. Whereas the design group wished to make use of the fabric all through the constructing to mirror the museum’s content material, the facade additionally took cues from the present native city atmosphere, leading to an intricate cascade of aluminum bars that comes with a research-based design strategy.
Aluminum strips had been used for the facade, to show objects inside, throughout the panorama, in lighting, and in furnishings, materially connecting areas and breaking down the limitations between the museum’s inside and exterior. HAS labored with the Bang Phlap, Thailand-based AB&W Innovation on the structural, electromechanical, lighting, and solar shading parts of the facade.
The outside strips not solely present lighting however pull double responsibility as passive shading to make sure the consolation of holiday makers inside. HAS principals Jenchieh Hung and Kulthida Songkittipakdee stated that whereas their work tends to “mix” the inside and exterior components of a venture, aluminum was a very advantageous materials for this strategy as it’s already typically used for each parts of buildings. The particular aluminum structural parts sourced for MoMA was chosen for its capacity to offer a way of proportion when seen each close-up, and as a part of the bigger facade system with 1000’s of components.
The complicated course of behind arranging 1000’s of aluminum strips for the facade was first examined by way of full-scale mock-ups, working to realize variances in measurement and depth for the front-facing and facet facades of the constructing. Throughout the entrance facade, 4 sizes of strips—13.8, 17.7, 21.6, and 25.6 inches (350, 450, 550, and 650 millimeters, respectively)—in size, had been grouped collectively and mirrored, flipped, and rotated so as to notice the sample system. As soon as grouped collectively, LED strips had been inserted between the 13.8- and 17.7-inch-long strips. A 1:30 scale bodily mannequin of the museum was accomplished within the last stage of the design course of previous to building to make sure that the sample subtle mild appropriately.
Along with shading, the aluminum strips of the facade had been organized to create a dynamic shadow on the inside by coloring the strips. As defined by Hung and Songkittipakdee, “Once you see the constructing from outdoors, which faces the east through the day, you will notice the anomaly of sunshine and shadow on the aluminum strips. Nonetheless, if you happen to see from inside to outdoors, the facade creates a pixelated city picture, which provides a brand new expertise to the customer.”
The intricacy of the impact was realized by way of the trouble of native employees who had been consultants in an aluminum building. With a view to guarantee a excessive diploma of precision through the building course of, the design group additionally accomplished 1:1 mock-ups of all the constructing’s tools methods, with particular consideration dedicated to the lighting. In working with the development group, HAS made slight changes to the size of the strips, rising their density and fortifying the structural integrity of the facade.
The aluminum strips had been first reduce to the desired lengths, creating the jagged profile that defines the constructing. The aluminum construction behind them was then put in, with the strips connected utilizing a clip lock methodology and screws. The architects labored carefully with the development group to push the higher limits of the quantity of aluminum utilized in a facade.
The inspiration behind the jagged profile got here from in depth analysis that HAS carried out in city areas in Thailand. After trying on the liveliness of ads, balconies, and road life, which frequently incorporate much less formal strategies of building, Hung and Songkittipakdee likened the Thai city panorama to that of a chameleon, with intricate facets of city life hidden all through a bigger, dynamic setting outlined by a colourful array of lights at evening. Given the busyness of the road that MoMA is situated on, adorned with “billboards, buying promotions, actual property ads, and industrial shows alongside each side of the street,” capturing these facets of lighting and dynamism turned obligatory to make sure that the museum mirrored the city setting it was constructed in.
Moreover, HAS’s analysis concluded that using steel in constructing skins—other than the context of a museum celebrating aluminum—made for attention-grabbing experimentation on condition that steel merchandise in buildings within the space had been primarily featured in inside areas like door frames and structural parts. The potential of utilizing steel solely for its look was beforehand left largely ignored. In including steel to the facade of MoMA, HAS finally sought to point out the ability of utilizing supplies that might usually be reserved for structural or efficiency facets to create a singular profile.