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Selldorf Architects’ Museum of Modern Artwork San Diego growth appears out whereas inviting you in

By geography, economics, even postal demarcation, La Jolla, California, stands aside from the town of San Diego, of which it’s nonetheless a constituent neighborhood. Positioned 12 miles north of downtown, La Jolla is a wide ranging place, identified for its clement climate, glinting daylight, sandy seashores, and craggy sandstone cliffs that elevate the village above the Pacific Ocean. Additionally it is residence to the Louis Kahn–designed Salk Institute, a magnet for architectural pilgrimage if ever there was one and definitely among the finest examples of benefiting from a web site of remarkable pure magnificence. It raises the query, what do you do whenever you stand on the fringe of eternity? The reply: Gaze into it. 

The Museum of Modern Artwork San Diego (MCASD), whose basis constructing can also be in La Jolla, has by no means loved the identical degree of status. (There may be one other location in downtown, a kunsthalle-style exhibition area within the former baggage constructing of the Santa Fe Depot practice station.) Regardless of being, like Salk, perched on a precipice above the rolling waves, the museum by no means totally embraced its enviable location. The one exception to this (and it’s a giant exception) is 1˚2˚3˚4˚, a 1997 set up by Robert Irwin that cuts three sq. voids into the tinted home windows of a west-facing rear gallery, providing panoramic views of the seaside. Irwin’s work makes the viewer conscious of the phenomenology of sunshine and the way a lot of an influence any mediation of it has. By means of the tinted glass, the ocean and the palm bushes and the strollers on the shore seem subdued. Peer via the holes, nonetheless, and you might be confronted with the un-adulterated photons of our raging star and the briny tang of the ocean breeze, which slaps you within the face like a moist fish. 

(Courtesy Breadtruck Movies/MCASD)

In 2014, MCASD employed Selldorf Architects of New York to renovate and broaden its La Jolla HQ. Catching up with Salk was little question a part of the equation, as was including sufficient area to showcase the museum’s spectacular everlasting assortment and making the establishment a extra inviting and accessible place for all. MCASD’s first residence, when it was based in 1941 as The Artwork Middle in La Jolla, was the previous residence of Ellen Browning Scripps (one of many city’s foremost philanthropists), a 1916 home designed by famous early modernist architect Irving Gill. Over time, the home went via plenty of renovations and expansions, a number of by native agency Architects Mosher Drew from 1950 to 1980, which added an auditorium that housed the La Jolla Music Society, amongst different packages. In 1996, Venturi Scott Brown and Associates (VSBA) added a present store, a restaurant, an entry foyer often known as the Axline Courtroom, and two colonnades of brief, plump Doric columns topped by metal pergolas that fronted the Gill home and shaded the doorway. 

When Selldorf’s design was unveiled in 2018, there was an incredible outcry from the structure group. The proposal eliminated VSBA’s colonnades, thus exposing the Gill home, and chopped away one bay of its addition to make room for a brand new foyer. Two years earlier than, Robert Venturi and Denise Scott Brown had been acknowledged, maybe belatedly, with the AIA Gold Medal, the primary time the award was given to some. On the time, postmodernist structure was having fun with one thing of a renaissance, notably among the many youthful set, who, oedipally or not, had been trying to buck the blandness of the neo-modern second. A number of screeds towards Selldorf’s design had been revealed (together with on this publication) decrying the violation of this or any VSBA cloth, however the argument could have been overstated. As vital as Venturi and Scott Brown are to architectural historical past and discourse, they didn’t construct their popularity on museum design. 

Whereas objections to Selldorf’s proposal didn’t derail it, they did inspire Annabelle Selldorf to succeed in out to Scott Brown. The 2 have reportedly struck up a pleasant correspondence, a great factor, contemplating Selldorf can also be updating the Nationwide Gallery in London, together with its VS-BA-designed Sainsbury Wing. And to take a look at the finished work at MCASD (and I admit I by no means visited its earlier incarnations), it’s laborious to seek out a lot to complain about. 

The addition’s most important, split-level gallery. (Nicholas Venezia/Courtesy Selldorf Architects)

Selldorf’s method is one in all, as her agency’s architectural assertion asserts, “harmonious distinction.” The Gill home and VSBA addition are white stucco on the outside with rectangular home windows and enormous arched apertures. Selldorf’s growth is board-formed concrete and travertine panels with massive rectangular home windows and aluminum brise-soleils. Its variegated colours intently resemble La Jolla’s sandstone cliffs. The Mosher Drew–designed auditorium, now the Strauss Major Gallery, juts out over this meeting, its additional top hovering far above what present zoning permits. Seen from the ocean facet, the place it spills down the cliff face, MCASD’s accretion of components seems like a condensed model of a seaside village, which, all issues thought of, is suitable for its location in a seaside village.

Sol LeWitt’s Six-Half Modular Dice (1976) lies on the heart of one other gallery. (Nicholas Venezia/Courtesy Selldorf Architects)

Inside, the present travertine flooring give technique to concrete and maple wooden flooring within the addition. However this, together with the various smells, is the one indication that you’re passing from previous to new. In any other case, the areas stream collectively kind of seamlessly. The truth that every gallery is a distinct dimension, and sometimes a distinct form (trapezoidal galleries mark the collision of Selldorf’s areas with these in-situ), signifies that the accreted nature of the constructing by no means actually turns into too manifestly obvious or, at any fee, an issue. This selection actually will give MCASD’s curators plenty of prospects to play with.

Home windows within the gallery body the ocean and sky. Andy Warhol’s Flowers (1967) hangs to the left. (Nicholas Venezia/Courtesy Selldorf Architects)

Extra outstanding is the proliferation of home windows and daylight all through the venture, which is taken to an excessive. On the Prospect Avenue facet, massive storefronts look out onto the village—little question a part of the hassle to make the museum extra inviting and accessible. To the south, a full-height window, tilted barely, displays the beach-shack vernacular of the neighboring Scripps Inn. And on the west, after all, massive panels of glazing open the inside to the mesmerizing expanse of the Pacific. It’s not Salk, however it’s not dangerous.  How refreshing to stroll via a museum that’s so radically open to its environment! Wanting outdoors and having one’s eyes cleansed by daylight and the sight of wind whipping the palms is a real antidote to the exhaustion that may set in after an excessive amount of time is spent in an insular temple of artwork. I do wonder if the home windows might be stored as open as they had been through the press tour. In spite of everything, daylight—even daylight passing via cutting-edge glazing—has its degrading results on artworks. With the ability to peer inside from the road can also be a boon, because it does appear affordable to suspect that seeing what’s there’ll break down among the extra intimidating elements of the museum expertise, thus making MCASD simpler to enter than your common artwork fortress. 

The rooftop pavilion and terrace. (Nicholas Venezia/Courtesy Selldorf Architects)

Then again, La Jolla itself isn’t probably the most accessible or inviting place. Locals, in reality, brag about its inaccessibility. “There are solely two methods out and in,” one put it to me. And so, although the structure has completed its job admirably, it’s laborious to not stroll away feeling a bit of twinge of irony. As with the sculpture that has lengthy occupied a spot of honor at MCASD’s entrance, Jonathan Borofsky’s shout-out to staff in all places, Hammering Man, one questions what this very accessible museum is doing within the Beverly Hills of San Diego.

Design architect: Selldorf Architects
Government architect: LPA
Architect of document: Alcorn & Benton

Location: La Jolla, California

Basic contractor: Degree 10 Building
Building managers: Gafcon, HR Weatherford Firm
Structural design engineer: Man Nordenson and Associates
Structural engineer of document: Simpson Gumpertz & Heger
MEP: Buro Happold
Panorama architect: LPA
Civil engineer: LPA
Lighting: Renfro Design Group


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